Pge Microgrid

PG&E Replaces Traditional Powerlines with Remote Microgrid in High Fire-Threat Area

June 11, 2021
PG&E's first hybrid renewable standalone power system to improve reliability and significantly reduce wildfire risk.

Pacific Gas and Electric Co. (PG&E) recently marked the commissioning of its first hybrid renewable standalone power system, built and installed by BoxPower Inc. The remote grid permanently replaces the overhead distribution powerlines that once served a handful of customers in a High Fire-Threat District (HFTD) area of the Sierra Nevada foothills outside Yosemite National Park, improving reliability and significantly reducing wildfire risk.

As detailed in the PG&E's 2021 Wildfire Mitigation Plan, a standalone power system offers a new approach to utility service. The Briceburg system uses solar combined with battery energy storage and backup propane generation. It provides permanent energy supply to remote customers as an alternative to hardened poles and wires.

The approach has potential use in other areas as well. Throughout the PG&E's service area, isolated pockets of remote customers are served via long electric distribution lines that in many cases traverse through HFTD areas. Replacing these long distribution lines with a reliable and low-carbon local energy source is an innovative option that has now become feasible.

"The PG&E is eager to deliver the benefits of remote grids to our customers. We intend to expand the use of standalone power systems as an alternative to certain existing distribution lines, providing enhanced reliability with a lower risk profile and at a lower total cost," said Jason Glickman, the PG&E's executive vice president, engineering, planning, and strategy.

Briceburg Remote Grid

In Mariposa County, five customer sites lost power in the Briceburg Fire of 2019 when the line serving them was destroyed. The historical line route is challenging to rebuild through the last 1.4 miles of rugged, HFTD terrain. Since then, the PG&E has provided temporary generation to meet local customer power needs.

Now, with the commissioning of this new decentralized standalone power system, the PG&E is transitioning to a hybrid renewable solution. This option will reliably repower these customers without the need to rebuild the overhead line, and the remote grid is intended to meet customer needs at lower lifetime costs and a significantly lower risk of fire.

The PG&E customers receiving electric service from the Briceburg Remote Grid include two residences, a visitor center, and telecommunications and transportation facilities.

This Briceburg system is owned by the PG&E and designed, installed, and maintained under contract to the PG&E by BoxPower.

The system provides up to 89% renewable energy annually, generated by a BoxPower SolarContainer and an auxiliary ground-mounted solar array with a total nominal photovoltaic (PV) capacity of 36.5 kW dc.

In addition to the container-mounted PV array, the SolarContainer includes a 27.2-kW/68.4-kWh lithium ferro phosphate battery energy storage system that was prefabricated at the BoxPower facility in Grass Valley, California, before being transported to the site.

The system also includes two integrated 35-kW propane generators for backup power and a fire suppression system to protect the hardware and facility.

Testing initially took place in BoxPower's Grass Valley facility and subsequently on-site in Briceburg with assistance from the PG&E, Underwriters Laboratories (UL), and Generac representatives. The extensive inspection, testing, and commissioning process included:

  • UL9540 Field Certification by UL for system performance and fire safety
  • Third-party testing and inspection of the protective relay isolation system
  • System capacity verification and performance testing
  • Testing of remote shut-down and remote black-start procedures

The PG&E and BoxPower will be able to monitor and control the system via satellite and cellular connectivity, with capabilities for remote performance management, safety diagnostics, alarms, reporting, and automated refueling notifications.

"BoxPower is proud to play an important role in bringing clean, reliable, and fire-safe power to rural energy consumers through our work with the PG&E and other utility companies," said Angelo Campus, BoxPower's chief executive officer. "The PG&E is leading the industry shift in California in terms of using remote grids specifically for wildfire mitigation purposes. The PG&E's example is one that other utilities in the state and across the West may be eager to follow in the face of worsening drought and extreme wildfire conditions."

The containerized microgrid system is designed for rapid deployment and scalability, streamlining future replication at similar sites.

Expanding Deployment of Remote Grids

The Briceburg system along with other initial projects will enable the PG&E to determine an appropriate expansion of remote grids using standalone power systems to support wildfire mitigation efforts.

The PG&E has identified hundreds of potential locations for remote grids and is targeting up to 20 operational remote grid sites by the end of 2022.

Additional remote grid sites are currently being assessed across HFTDs in the PG&E's service area including El Dorado, Mariposa, Tulare, and Tehama counties.

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