Photo 144425012 © Surasak Petchang | Dreamstime.com
A model of an electrical substation. Net zero or real zero energy by 2050 has dramatic implications on the current planning, design, operations and maintenance of the electric transmission and distribution grid that delivers that energy. Photo 6794713 © Pavel Losevsky | Dreamstime.com

How Do EVs Work?

Nov. 4, 2020
As utilities prepare for the steady progression of the electrification of transportation, they must continue to learn.

As utilities prepare for the steady progression of the electrification of transportation, they must continue to learn: Learn the basics of EV design, learn how they charge and how that all integrates with the grid as well as what needs to be in place. Not only is it infrastructure, but also systems and services. All of that gets complicated, but by 2025, it’s expected that EVs will constitute 11% of total passenger vehicles, while by 2040 that number may reach 55% (Transportation Electrification: A Guide to Planning, Deployment, and Operations for Utilities).

But let's start with the basics of EVs and how they work to lay that foundation. Here is a handy primer from the Department of Energy on how different types of vehicles work: all-electric, hybrid, etc. The shift to electrification will happen exactly like that -- as a slow, steady shift.

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