The electric and natural gas industries need to strengthen their winterization and cold weather preparedness and coordination to prevent a recurrence of the unprecedented Feb. 2021 power outages to millions of people during the Feb. 2021 freeze in Texas and the Midwest, in the United States.
That is the assessment of a preliminary report presented at Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) meeting by a joint inquiry team of staff from FERC and the North American Electric Reliability Corporation (NERC) and its regional entities. The report reviews what happened during the freeze and outlines a series of recommendations, including mandatory electric reliability standards, to prevent its recurrence.
The February freeze triggered the loss of 61,800 MW of electric generation, as 1045 individual generating units experienced 4124 outages, derates or failures to start. It severely reduced natural gas production, with the largest effects felt in Texas, Oklahoma and Louisiana, where combined daily production declined to an estimated 20 billion cubic feet per day. That is a reduction of more than 50 percent compared to average production from Feb. 1-5.
Today’s assessment points to freezing of generator components and fuel issues as the top two major causes of generator outages, derates or failures to start. The identified causes in the preliminary report affected generating units across all fuel types. Of the 1045 generating units affected, 57% were natural gas-fired units that primarily faced fuel-supply challenges.
The preliminary report makes nine key recommendations, including changes to mandatory reliability standards that build upon the recently approved standards developed in the wake of a 2019 joint inquiry into a prior cold weather event. Among those are:
- Revisions to require generator owners to identify and protect cold weather-critical components;
- Build new or retrofit existing units to operate to specific ambient temperatures and weather based on extreme temperature and weather data;
- Take into account effects of wind and precipitation in winterization plans;
- Corrective action plans for generator owners that experience freeze-related outages; and
- Ensure the system operator is aware of the operating limitations in the generating fleet so that they can plan mitigation actions.
The preliminary report also recommends that generator owners be provided the opportunity for compensation and recovery of the costs of building or retrofitting to operate to a specific temperature, and that Congress, state legislatures and jurisdictional regulators require gas facilities to prepare and follow cold weather preparedness plans.
The presentation of the preliminary findings and recommendations is available here. The FERC, NERC and regional entity staffs will release their final report in Nov. 2021.