Canada generates a larger share of its electricity from renewable sources than most other developed economies in the world, primarily due to its hydro production, according to a new report released by the National Energy Board (NEB).
The report, titled Canada's Adoption of Renewable Power Sources, provides direct comparisons of how Canada ranks internationally for renewable power adoption. It also covers factors that affect the uptake of each renewable source, including financial costs, reliability and environmental impacts.
This is the second report on renewable power issued by the NEB in the past year. The first report, titled Canada's Renewable Power Landscape, covers renewable energy uptake in Canada at the provincial and territorial level.
Canada's electricity generation per capita is relatively high. With more than 600 terawatt hours (TW.h) of electricity production in 2015, Canada generates as much electricity as countries with much larger populations, including Germany, Brazil and France. One terawatt hour is enough to provide 80,000 homes with electricity for a year.
The low carbon emissions associated with renewables have also aligned them with current policy priorities. As a result, the increased adoption of renewables is expected to continue in Canada and internationally.
- In 2015, Canada generated about two-thirds of its electricity from renewable sources, primarily from hydro, but also from wind, biomass and solar.
- Canada generated about 60 per cent of its electricity from hydro in 2015. This also accounted for about 10 per cent of global generation of hydro-electricity in 2015, placing Canada second only to China.
- Wind generation accounted for four per cent of Canada's electricity generation in 2015. This ranked Canada as the seventh largest wind energy producer in the world.
- Biomass provided about 2 per cent of Canada's electricity generation in 2015. Internationally, biomass also accounts for about 2 per cent of global power generation and is mostly attributed to solid biomass in the form of wood pellets and chips.
- Solar power accounted for only 0.5 per cent of Canada's electricity generation in 2015, with 98 per cent of Canadian capacity installed in Ontario. In contrast, countries such as Italy, Greece, Germany and Spain generated at least five per cent of their electricity from solar.
- Other renewable technologies, such as offshore wind, tidal power, and geothermal energy, have not experienced significant uptake in Canada, but still have potential.